This article from the Times is a great read about how childhood trauma has effects on the brain, with increased chances of developing mental health issues such as depression and substance use.
Studies have shown that childhood trauma occurring before the age of 10 can disrupt neural networks that are associated with depression and substance use. Because a child's brain is still developing, experiencing trauma can further hinder a child's ability for healthy brain development.
Childhood trauma can be experienced in various ways, including prolonged physical or emotional a use, witnessing domestic violence, or losing a parent. If you know a child who has experienced trauma, mental health treatment can be extremely beneficial to help the child learn to identify their emotions related to the trauma and coping skills to manage difficult symptoms. Symptoms of trauma may also look different in children than in adults, such as acting out behaviors or having difficulty sleeping. TFCBT (trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy) is an evidence-based form of treatment that has been found to be effective in treating childhood trauma. For more information, visit my website or contact me!